Hawaii Range Complex Map
The Hawaii Range Complex geographically encompasses the offshore and onshore areas located on or around the major islands of the Hawaiian Islands chain. Although part of the Hawaii Range Complex, the onshore areas are not included in this EIS/OEIS. These areas were analyzed in the Final Hawaii Range Complex EIS/OEIS (2008). The Hawaii Range Complex includes the Hawaii Operating Area which consists of 235,000 square nautical miles of surface and subsurface ocean areas and special use airspace for military training and testing activities and the Temporary Operating Area consisting of 2.1 million square nautical miles of sea and airspace for training and testing activities.
For more than a century, Hawaii has been a place where the Navy has trained its Sailors and repaired and replenished the ships of the United States at Pearl Harbor. In the 1920s, a submarine base was established at Pearl Harbor, creating a need for the training of Sailors and officers serving in the undersea environment. As world tensions increased in the 1930s and early 1940s, the Navy rapidly increased its presence and number of facilities in Hawaii. The Pacific Fleet established its headquarters at Pearl Harbor on February 1, 1941. Ten months later, on December 7, 1941, the Fleet was attacked at Pearl Harbor, propelling America into World War II. The Pacific was the site of World War II’s most decisive naval battles. Naval forces in Hawaii remained vital to U.S. interests throughout the mid-century, as control of the seas provided advantages to allied forces during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Since 1968, a multinational sea-power exercise given the name “Rim of the Pacific” (RIMPAC) has been conducted within the Hawaii Operating Area, testing the abilities of a number of the navies of the Pacific Rim to function together. Participating Pacific Rim nations have included Australia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Chile, Peru, and Canada. Today, the Navy’s presence in Hawaii remains of essential strategic and operational importance to U.S. national interests.